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新加坡重点小学二年级怎么培养英文阅读意识(全程导学 10)  

2012-05-11 10:28:00|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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  本次教学,培养孩子在阅读过程中,区分小说、非小说两种文体

小孩子,往往生活在虚构与真实的交界处。孩子读到火星人拜访地球的故事,就希望哪一天真能看到火星人。一些在大人看来明显虚构的故事,孩子却信以为真。

妈妈可以对孩子说:“小说,是虚构的,是化了妆的真实。虚构作品是想象出来的,童话故事就是典型的虚构作品。”

妈妈接着说:“非小说作品,读起来,不如小说好玩。学校发给家长的通知,上课用的教科书,比如数学、地理等等教材,都是典型的非小说作品。”

平时,等孩子读完一篇文章,妈妈可以问问孩子:“你觉得这篇故事是虚构的,还是真实的?你的理由是什么?”

 

开始练习喽!

一、让孩子阅读下面的故事。  

Fly to the Moon

 

It may be hard to believe that people have been to the Moon, but people have actually walked on it.  We have driven a car on it.  How did this happen?

In 1961, Russia flew a person into space.  This had never been done before.  The United States wanted to send a person into space too, but we wanted to do it better.  We wanted to send a person to the Moon!  President Kennedy said we could go to the Moon by 1970.  He was right!

On July 16, 1969, a rocket left Earth.  It flew toward the Moon.  That is about 240,000 miles away.  It would take years to ride a bike that far, but the rocket was fast!  It took a few days to fly.  Three men landed on the Moon on July 20, 1969.

The first person to step on the Moon was Neil Armstrong.  He spent two hours on the Moon. Buzz Aldrin was the next person on the Moon.  Other people went to the Moon too.  In total, 12 people walked on the Moon.  

The last person went to the Moon in 1972.

 

二、启发孩子回答问题。 

 

  这则故事是真实的,还是虚构的?你的理由是什么?

 

  让孩子用荧光笔,给故事里的事实涂上颜色(至少涂三处)。

 

  启发孩子创作一篇和月亮有关的虚构故事?

 

三、对对答案

 

  这篇故事是真实的,因为它讲述了真人真事。

 

  孩子可以像下面这样,用荧光笔划出文章交代的事实。

It may be hard to believe that people have been to the Moon, but people have actually walked on it.  We have driven a car on it.  How did this happen?

In 1961, Russia flew a person into space.  This had never been done before.  The United States wanted to send a person into space too, but we wanted to do it better.  We wanted to send a person to the Moon!  President Kennedy said we could go to the Moon by 1970.  He was right!

On July 16, 1969, a rocket left Earth.  It flew toward the Moon.  That is about 240,000 miles away.  It would take years to ride a bike that far, but the rocket was fast!  It took a few days to fly.  Three men landed on the Moon on July 20, 1969.

The first person to step on the Moon was Neil Armstrong.  He spent two hours on the Moon. Buzz Aldrin was the next person on the Moon.  Other people went to the Moon too.  In total, 12 people walked on the Moon.  

The last person went to the Moon in 1972.

 

  孩子可以自由想象,虚构一个和月亮有关的故事。比如:

我和爸妈三年前搬家到月亮上住。爸爸说月亮离地球不远,挺适合居住的。在月亮上,我新认识了许多小朋友。我最要好的朋友是Jane ,她是最可爱的外星人。



总索引链接:新加坡重点小学英语阅读意识练习材料索引 

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